A basic conveyor belt consists of two or more pulleys that hold a continuous length of material. These types of belts can be motorized or require manual effort. A conveyor belt is a system designed to transport or move physical objects such as materials, goods and even people from one point to another. Unlike other means of transport that use chains, spirals, hydraulic systems, etc., it is a loop of flexible material that stretches between rollers driven by an electric motor.
It is essential to know the design considerations and applications of the various conveyor belts, depending on the intended use. A common type of conveyor belt are solid belts made of rubber or fabrics such as nylon, polyester, nitrile or neoprene. The right type of belt material depends on how it is used. For example, rubber conveyor belts are commonly used in the mining and milling industries, while grocery stores often use PVC belts.
Today, conveyor belts are a crucial tool in the material handling industry and are most commonly used to transport bulk materials safely and efficiently. Gutter conveyor belts are widely used in the electrical energy processing, steel, mining, port, cement, grain and feed industries. A conveyor belt is a material handling system designed to move supplies, materials and components through an efficient and simple process that saves time, energy and costs. In 1892, Thomas Robins initiated a series of inventions that led to the development of a conveyor belt used to transport coal, minerals and other products.
Sanitary washing conveyor belts are used on items that come from extreme temperatures, such as freezers and ovens. Stores usually have conveyor belts on the checkout counter to move shopping items, and may use box dividers in this process. Gutter conveyor belts can transport bulk materials in large proportions, such as coal, ore, soil, chemical raw materials, cereals, etc. For applications that may require an “unorthodox width greater than length” type of conveyor, modular conveyor belts will accomplish this task much more easily.
Helical rollers are the most common when it would not be possible to use a scrap yard to remove the dragged material, especially on mobile conveyor belts. Conveyors used in industrial environments include activation mechanisms, such as coupling cables along the conveyor. It could also reduce the amount of surface contact with intermediate rollers, ultimately reducing the efficiency of the conveyor belt system. Rolling platform conveyor belts are mainly used when performing manual sorting, assembly, transportation and inspection.
The curved conveyor belt has been widely used in mining, metallurgy, chemical industry, power plants and ports, especially for long-distance transportation. The portable conveyor belt is mainly used in places where loading and unloading locations change frequently, such as ports, docks, coal plants, warehouses, construction sites, sand and stone plants, farms, etc. The roll-up platform conveyor belt is suitable for all types of boxes, bags, pallets and other types of cargo transport, and is mainly used to classify baggage from stations or airports.