What is conveyor belt and its types?

A basic conveyor belt consists of two or more pulleys that hold a continuous length of material. These types of belts can be motorized or require manual effort. The conveyor belt is mainly composed of 2 or more pulleys and a conveyor belt enclosed in the tight sleeve. The pulley that rotates the conveyor belt is called a drive pulley; the pulley that only changes the direction of movement of the conveyor belt is called an inversion pulley or intermediate pulley.

When working, the drive pulley is driven by the motor through the reducer, and the conveyor belt rotates because of the friction between the drive pulley and the conveyor belt. Drive pulleys are usually installed at the discharge end to increase traction. The vertical blocks are distributed along the width of the belt on the conveyor belt with cleats. The function of bagpipes is to support the material and carry it at a wide angle.

When it is necessary to raise or lower materials, it is often necessary to use inclined conveyor belts, but the inclination has a certain limit. Generally, the upward tilt angle is not more than 18°. The flat conveyor belt has the structure and general characteristics of the conveyor belt, which is suitable for transporting light and irregularly shaped objects, such as postal packages, clothing, paper products, plastic products, etc. The flat conveyor belt is divided into built-in motor type, head transmission type and central transmission type.

The channel conveyor belt has a large load and transport capacity, the conveyor belt of the channel conveyor belt adopts a multilayer rubber belt, with a belt width of 500 mm, 650 mm, 800 mm, 1000 mm, 1200 mm and 1400 mm. The conveyor belt on the transport side is supported by a ribbed pulley consisting of 3 rollers (the channel angle can reach 45°), and the return pulleys are supported by flat rollers. Gutter conveyor belts are widely used in the electrical energy processing, steel, mining, port, cement, grain and feed industries. Gutter conveyor belts can transport bulk materials in large proportions, such as coal, ore, soil, chemical raw materials, cereals, etc.

The roll-up platform conveyor belt is a type of conveyor that uses several rollers that are placed on the fixed support according to a certain distance to transport goods. The roll-up platform conveyor belt is suitable for all types of boxes, bags, pallets and other cargo transport parts, and is mainly used to sort baggage from stations or airports. Universal wheels are installed on the bottom of the portable conveyor belt, which can be moved freely according to the stacking position of the materials, and are mainly used in environments with a small transport inclination angle. The portable conveyor belt is mainly used in places where loading and unloading locations change frequently, such as ports, docks, stations, coal plants, warehouses, construction sites, sand and stone plants, farms, etc.

A conveyor belt is the means of conveying a conveyor belt system (often abbreviated as conveyor belt). A conveyor system is one of many types of conveyor systems. A conveyor belt system consists of two or more pulleys (sometimes referred to as drums), with a closed circuit of the means of transport, the conveyor belt that revolves around them. One or both pulleys are actuated, moving the belt and the belt material forward.

The motorized pulley is called the drive pulley, while the pulley without power is called an intermediate pulley. There are two main industrial classes of conveyor belts: those dedicated to the general handling of materials, such as those that move boxes inside a factory, and those used to transport large volumes of agricultural resources and materials, such as cereals, salt, coal, ore, sand, overload and more. Every industry has its own specifications and requirements for the type of conveyor belt it uses. From shipyards and power plants to bakeries and ice cream factories, the conveyor belt is the reference company because of its simplicity and reliability.

Conveyor belts can be found in any industry that requires the movement of materials or supplies from one location in the facility to another position. The conveyor belt is also an economical logistics transport equipment and has become an indispensable element for the operation of the assembly line. While excavation conveyor belts are capable of handling heavy loads, two or three workers can easily maneuver and position them. The varieties of conveyor belts used in automated assembly lines include chains, sliding, hinged, plastic belts and pallets.

The retractable conveyor belt is the most efficient and used machine in the continuous transport of materials. To allow flexion, curvature and tilt or declination movement, plastic conveyor belts have interlocking segments that give them the flexibility to move in any direction. The metal conveyor belt is characterized by high temperature resistance, wear resistance, corrosion resistance, high tensile strength and long lifespan. Rubber industry associations, such as the United States Rubber Manufacturers Association (RMA) and the Rubber Product Manufacturers Association (ARPM), have multiple guidelines for manufacturing, certification, and production of rubber conveyor belts.

Consider the conditions under which your system will operate to ensure that the conveyor belt material has the appropriate thickness and strength. The balancing elements that complete the belt transport system are scrapers for cleaning the belt, channels to control the direction of discharge, skirts to contain the discharge in the receiving belt, collection set for tightening the belt and technological structures such as spars, short poles, transmission frames and pulley frames. An indexing conveyor belt moves a product a certain distance step by step using accessories to hold the product in place. The curved conveyor belt has been widely used in mining, metallurgy, chemical industry, power plants and ports, especially for long-distance transportation.

However, many conveyor systems rely on a frame with a belt and possible support rollers to efficiently transport materials and products. . .